giveth more grace--ever increasing grace; the farther ye depart from "envy" [BENGEL]. James 4:4. he will flee--Translate, "he shall flee." The tree, to grow upwards, must strike its roots deep downwards; so man, to be exalted, must have his mind deep-rooted in humility. Douglas Webster is very helpful in telling us to see James as a "spiritual director" for the church... View the entire commentary . Some causes of contention, besides those mentioned in the foregoing chapter, and to watch against them . II. Therefore to him that knoweth to do good, and doeth it not, to him it is sin. Scripture: James 4:1–10. purify . In the Spirit's application of the passage to all ages, literal killing is included, flowing from the desire to possess so David and Ahab. In this chapter we are directed to consider, I. . Is there not a competition or emulation of an evil kind, in which each one prefers himself, and seeks not the good of his neighbor? . Feelings exhaust themselves and evaporate, if not embodied in practice. ... (Dean Scott, in the 'Speaker's Commentary'). whosoever . . Scripture: James 4:13–16. But, in another sense, viewing the world as a great conglomerate of evil, we are no friends of the world. Scripture: James 4:13–14, Proverbs 6:6–8, Proverbs 19:21, Proverbs 21:5. Grant on June 27, 2011 at 8:44 am Duncan, thank you as well. There is a climax: "Ye desire," the individual lust for an object; "ye kill and envy," the feeling and action of individuals against individuals; "ye fight and war," the action of many against many. have not--The lust of desire does not ensure the actual possession. James 4:7-8. Resources » Commentaries » James » Chapter 1. Sinful desires and affections stop prayer, and the working of our desires toward God. Read James 4 commentary using John Gill's Exposition of the Bible. Implying, God alone is Lawgiver and therefore Judge, since it is He alone who can execute His judgments; our inability in this respect shows our presumption in trying to act as judges, as though we were God. . but a judge--Setting aside the Christian brotherhood as all alike called to be doers of the law, in subjection to it, such a one arrogates the office of a judge. . You are envious and cannot obtain; so you fight and quarrel.” James’ point is, don’t look elsewhere for the source of your conflicts. Scripture: James 4:13–16. he saith--The same God who causes His spirit to dwell in believers ( James 4:5 ), by the Spirit also speaks in Scripture. The lusts of the flesh come in, and put us upon the wrong track; or if we take the right road, yet, if the lusts be there, God will not bless us because, in doing so, he would be helping us to gratify our lusts. purify . Study the bible online using commentary on James 4 and more! And to break God's commands, is to speak evil of them, and to judge them, as if they laid too great a restraint upon us. Literally, "instead of your saying," &c. This refers to "ye that say" ( James 4:13 ). brethren--implying the inconsistency of such depreciatory speaking of one another in brethren. Scripture: James 5:13–18. Matthew Henry :: Commentary on James 4 ← Back to Matthew Henry's Bio & Resources. This commentary is also available in the Crossway Classic Commentaries series (1995). It is even--Some oldest authorities read, "For ye are." In this chapter we are directed to consider, I. For, if you are double-minded, your hands and your hearts must both need to be cleansed. The false wisdom that comes from envy and selfish ambition produces disorder (3:16)... View the entire commentary. devil--Under his banner pride and envy are enlisted in the world; resist his temptations to these. Thomas Manton — James (Geneva Series Commentaries, 1968). Scripture: 1 Peter 4:7, Proverbs 28:9, Matthew 6:5, James 1:5–7, James 4:3–4. Faith, humble prayers, and heavenly wisdom, are the weapons of resistance. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Bible Verse; Newest; Oldest; Most Viewed; Most Shared; Sermon. Contrast "Abraham the friend of God.". The general principle illustrated by the particular example just discussed is here stated: knowledge without practice is imputed to a man as great and presumptuous sin. James 4:16-17. AGAINST FIGHTINGS AND THEIR SOURCE; WORLDLY LUSTS; UNCHARITABLE JUDGMENTS, AND PRESUMPTUOUS RECKONING ON THE FUTURE. You lust and do not have; so you commit murder. Speak not evil--literally, "Speak not against" one another. So James says that self versus self is at the heart of all relational conflicts. What Causes Fights Among You? Go to now, ye that say, Today or tomorrow we will go into such a city, and continue there a year, and buy and sell, and get gain: whereas ye know not what shall be on the morrow. the humble--the unenvious, uncovetous, and unambitious as to the world. buy and sell--Their plans for the future are all worldly. "Spurgeon's Verse Expositions of the Bible". There is a certain form of theology, popular nowadays, which teaches us that we ought to remove the line of demarcation between the Church and the world. 14. what--literally, "of what nature" is your life? Their language implies that when this one year is out, they purpose similarly settling plans for to come [BENGEL]. This chapter begins with our universal concern about conflict: What causes quarrels and what causes fights among you? God repays sinners in their own coin. resisteth--literally, "setteth Himself in array against"; even as they, like Pharaoh, set themselves against Him. James 4:1.The crimes condemned in this and the following chapter were so atrocious, and of so public a nature, that we can hardly suppose them to have been committed by any who bore the name of Christians. . . And he will flee from you. Ye lust, and have not: ye kill, and desire to have, and cannot obtain: ye fight and war, yet ye have not,-, This is nature’s way of trying to get by contention what it desires to possess,-fighting, and warring, and killing, yet the result of all this is nil. It is even a vapor, that appeareth for a little time, and then vanisheth away. Whether he succeed or not, if his wish be to be the friend of the world, he renders himself, becomes (so the Greek for "is") by the very fact, "the enemy of God." Contrast Isaiah 22:12 Isaiah 22:13 , Luke 6:25 . Thus many understand these expressions, because God himself represented his relation to the Jews as his people under the idea of a marriage, and because the prophets, in conformity to that idea, represented the idolatry of the Jews as adultery. Scripture James 4 Sort Bible Verse. 8. The epistle was probably written before the Gentile congregations Thanks for the blessing. James.indd vii 3/31/2009 9:13:11 AM. "Ye desire"; literally, "ye set your mind (or heart) on" an object. But, in another sense, viewing the world as a great conglomerate of evil, we are no friends of the world. Ye lust--A different Greek word from that in James 4:1 . rejoice in . Olsson said, “We cannot understand a faith which is not nourished by the temporal hope that tomorrow things will be better.” Piper adds (ibid. Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/spe/james-4.html. This verse supplies the answer, “He giveth more grace.” “More grace,” -this is the great remedy for hate and envy. J ames is a book that many of us know random verses from, yet we tend to not really know the book that well. But he giveth more grace. James 4:6-7. lusts--literally, "pleasures," that is, the lusts which prompt you to "desire" whence you seek self at the cost of your neighbor, and hence flow "fightings." What Causes Fights Among You? the world . Ye lust, and because ye have not what ye lust after ( james 4:1 james 4:2 ), ye envy your neighbor who has, and so the spirit of envy leads you on to "fight." A False Comfort and Threat. Part of the reason for this is that James is like Proverbs in that many of its verses really stand alone in their content. 2. Follow Desiring God on Facebook. Or it may be that James 4:5 speaks in two independent sentences, and that the words of Scripture quoted refer to what was said in James 4:4. Do they not arise from one desiring something, and another desiring the same thing? James 1:12–15. If the Lord Wills Education for Exultation: Humbly Under God. Do ye think that the scripture saith in vain, The spirit that dwelleth in us lusteth to envy? Finding the new version too difficult to understand? We ought to give God the whole affection of our being; but, instead of doing so, we allow at least some of it to wander to other objects, and therefore we are called, by the Holy Ghost himself, “adulterers and adulteresses.” These may seem to be hard words, but they are true ones. Preserving the Covenant Community In Spite of Sickness and Sin. Sign up now! ALFORD attributes the epithet "with envy," in the unwarrantable sense of jealously, to the Holy Spirit: "The Spirit jealously desires us for His own." The quotation here, as in Ephesians 5:14 , seems to be not so much from a particular passage as one gathered by James under inspiration from the general tenor of such passages in both the Old and New Testaments, as Numbers 14:29 , Proverbs 21:20 , Galatians 5:17 . “More grace,”-this is the universal recipe for all that we need: “He giveth more grace.”. James says that these quarrels, fights, disputes, and contentions come from within, from the fallenness of … View James 4:1-17. of "Submit" as a good soldier puts himself in complete subjection to his captain. The Remedy for Pride. double-minded --divided between God and the world. A blessed mourning. Those who superciliously condemn the acts and words of others which do not please themselves, thus aiming at the reputation of sanctity, put their own moroseness in the place of the law, and claim to themselves a power of censuring above the law of God, condemning what the law permits [CALVIN]. John Piper Mar 11, 1990 171 Shares Sermon. The former expresses, "Ye yourselves are transitory"; so everything of yours, even your life, must partake of the same transitoriness. . Our own selfishness is the sole cause of fights and arguments among God’s people. Lay aside that fighting spirit,-that effort to pull others down so as to raise yourself up,-and bow before God, yield yourself wholly to his blessed will. Scripture: James 4:13–14, Proverbs 6:6–8, Proverbs 19:21, Proverbs 21:5. James reverts to the principle with which he started. Many subjects are handled quickly and succinctly in the book. I. The false wisdom that comes from envy and selfish ambition produces disorder (3:16)... View the entire commentary hearts--literally "make chaste" of your spiritual adultery ( James 4:4 , that is, worldliness) "your hearts": the inward source of all impurity. speaketh evil of the law--for the law in commanding, "Love thy neighbor as thyself" ( James 2:8 ), virtually condemns evil-speaking and judging [ESTIUS]. will be--The Greek is emphatic, "shall be resolved to be." Salem Media Group. We are taught to abandon the friendship of this world, so as to submit and subject ourselves entirely to God . Scripture: James 4:2. Do you not know that friendship with the world is enmity with God? "Pride" is the mother of "envy" ( James 4:5 ); it is peculiarly satanic, for by it Satan fell. James Chapter 4 Small Group Starter Questions James is still talking to Christians. 5. in vain--No word of Scripture can be so. wars, &c.--contrasted with the "peace" of heavenly wisdom. "Commentary on James 4:4". Email. A. Where Does Child Killing Come From? The members are the first seat of war; thence it passes to conflict between man and man, nation and nation. Speak not evil one of another, brethren. The petition of the lustful, murderous, and contentious is not recognized by God as prayer. Commentary on James 4:1-10 (Read James 4:1-10) Since all wars and fightings come from the corruptions of our own hearts, it is right to mortify those lusts that war in the members. Submit yourselves therefore to God. Leave a Comment The Crisis of Sovereignty. Worldly people are here called adulterers and adulteresses, because of their perfidiousness of God, while they give their best affections to the world. James clearly Duncan on June 27, 2011 at 8:12 am Thanks for this commentary. Study the bible online using commentary on James 4 and more! He poses as a friend promising pleasure, but his end is death. Cleanse . James 4:9. Resist . Compare 1 John 2:15 , "love . we shall live--The best manuscripts read, "We shall both live and do," &c. The boasters spoke as if life, action, and the particular kind of action were in their power, whereas all three depend entirely on the will of the Lord. Contrast James 4:4 . … Commentaries . . 1 Peter 4 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. Apr 9, 2000 . Thomas Manton’s commentary on James is a classic work that should not be ignored merely because it is older. Repent with deep sorrow instead of your present laughter. There is one lawgiver--The best authorities read in addition, "and judge." View James 1. Scripture: James 1:2–4. Jan 18, 2012. James 4:5-6. Chapter 4. (James 4:1-3) The world is marked by warfare. II. Scott Hubbard Apr 23, 2020 10.4K Shares Article. James does not add here, as in James 5:1 , "howl," where he foretells the doom of the impenitent at the coming destruction of Jerusalem. The source is selfishness! Draw nigh to God--So "cleave unto Him," Deuteronomy 30:20 , namely, by prayerfully ( james 4:2 james 4:3 ) "resisting Satan," who would oppose our access to God. Also, there is an enemy within each of us, engaged in mortal combat. If you exalt yourself, he will pull you down. The language is taken from warfare. . If you lie down in the dust before him, he will lift you up. God is the rightful husband; the men of the world are regarded collectively as one adulteress, and individually as adulteresses. He hath filled the hungry with good things; and the rich he hath sent empty away.”. James 4:4, ESV: "You adulterous people! Translate, "There is One (alone) who is (at once) Lawgiver and Judge, (namely) He who is able to save and destroy." Don't You Know the Choice to Be Made? Marshall Segal Mar 2, 2020 4.9K Shares Article. Scripture: James 4:14–15. Daily Devotions with John Piper lets you experience the very best of Piper's teachings. It is the Puritans and other Christians from previous generations that usually made a point to wrestle deeply with the questions raised by the text and its theological import, rather than mainly the technical details. In English Version the sense is, "the (natural) spirit that hath its dwelling in us lusts with (literally, 'to,' or 'towards') envy." Some causes of contention, besides those mentioned in the foregoing chapter, and to watch against them . 2011. Therefore what James has to say to us is vital to everyday living. Go to, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, Spurgeon's Verse Expositions of the Bible, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. It shows what happens to Christians and churches when they chose to live for selfish desires and for the things of this world rather than God. If the previous verses have rightly accused you of sin, confess your guilt with shame and sorrow, and so come to Christ imploring pardon. 11. 4. It depends on our putting away bad habits. Received text has no old authority. 3 You ask and do not receive, because you ask () wrongly, to spend it on your passions. "Fightings" are the active carrying on of "wars." The "double-minded" is at fault in heart; the sinner in his hands likewise. Therefore, anyone who chooses to be a friend of the world becomes an enemy of God." “More grace,”-this is the balm for sorrow. 9. John Piper (Godward Life - Book Two) commenting on Jas 4:2, 4, 4 writes that… James has in his mind a picture of people who use prayer to try to get from God something they desire more than God. . Piper points out that a key adjective in that story points to the power of Marie Durant’s endurance. Whosoever therefore will be a friend of the world is the enemy of God. In Hebrew it is "scorneth the scorners," namely, those who think "Scripture speaketh in vain." Be afflicted, and mourn, and weep: let your laughter be turned to mourning, and your joy to heaviness. Scripture: James 4:13–16. As we will not act except we feel, so if we will not act out our feelings, we shall soon cease to feel. The source of our conflict with our fellow man. Used by Permission. Certainly not; ye are therefore walking in the flesh, not in the Spirit, while ye thus lust towards, that is, with envy against one another. Perhaps some say, “But we do ask.” “Well, then,” saith the apostle,--. Sign up now! Douglas Webster is very helpful in telling us to see James as a "spiritual director" for the church. Scripture: James 5:16–20. heaviness--literally, "falling of the countenance," casting down of the eyes. All rights reserved. The quotation here is probably from Proverbs 3:34 ; as probably Proverbs 21:10 was generally referred to in James 4:5 . Applications for the Church Today. James 4:4. per wants would be supplied; the improper cravings which produce "wars and fightings" would then cease. Matthew Henry :: Commentary on James 4 ← Back to Matthew Henry's Bio & Resources. James 4:2. Apr 27, 2019. This kind of teaching may be called theology, but it cometh not of God; it is a gross falsehood which we ought to abhor in the very depth of our spirit. Even believers' prayers are often best answered when their desires are most opposed. There is a spirit, resident in the natural man, the human nature of man, which is always inclined toward hate and envy, always wanting to get somewhat from other men, and always grieved if other men seem to be or to have more than the person himself has. Contrast James 1:5 with Matthew 6:31 Matthew 6:32 . James 4 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, by the leading authority in the Church of Christ, presents a verse level look at the Bible. Be afflicted--literally, "Endure misery," that is, mourn over your wretchedness through sin. boastings--"ye boast in arrogant presumptions," namely, vain confident fancies that the future is certain to you ( James 4:13 ). In one sense, Christians are the greatest friends of the world, for they desire the good of all men, and seek their salvation. James.indd vi 3/31/2009 9:13:11 AM. James 4 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary provides notes on all 66 books of the Bible, and contain more than 7,000 pages of material If I speak evil of my brother, I have condemned the law which bids me love him as I love myself; I have practically said that it is an absurd law, and an unrighteous law; and this is a great evil in God’s sight. He that speaketh evil of his brother, and judgeth his brother, speaketh evil of the law, and judgeth the law: but if thou judge the law, thou art not a doer of the law, but a judge. Jan 25, 1998. James 4:12-15. With all your efforts you do not succeed, because you omit to pray to God. . For that ye ought to say, If the Lord will, we shall live, and do this, or that. To-day or to-morrow--as if ye had the free choice of either day as a certainty. This most likely refers to those of Act 8:1–4. James 4:1.The crimes condemned in this and the following chapter were so atrocious, and of so public a nature, that we can hardly suppose them to have been committed by any who bore the name of Christians. 10. in the sight of the Lord--as continually in the presence of Him who alone is worthy to be exalted: recognizing His presence in all your ways, the truest incentive to humility. Your prayer life (or lack thereof) reveals the focus of your heart. . spirit that dwelleth in us--Other manuscripts read, "that God hath made to dwell in us" (namely, at Pentecost). 12. Submit to . “More grace,”-this is our greatest help out of all difficulties. . James 4:17. Is God Testing Me? The Book of James – A Detailed Commentary Basic Training Bible Ministries Page 4 The Greeting (1:1) The book is addressed to Jewish believers scattered by persecution. If so translated, "Does the (Holy) Spirit that God hath placed in us lust to (towards) envy" (namely, as ye do in your worldly "wars and fightings")? Some causes of contention, besides those mentioned in the foregoing chapter, and to watch against them (v. 1-5). James 4:11. FOREWORD The Life Application Bible Commentary series provides verse-by-verse explanation, background, and application for every verse in the New Testament. He shall flee worsted as he did from Christ. come they not, &c.--an appeal to their consciences. It depends on forsaking the petty inconsistencies of our Christian lives. Who will seek to stir you up to rebellion; give no place to him: “Resist the devil,”-. 4. Commentary on James 4:11-17 (Read James 4:11-17) Our lips must be governed by the law of kindness, as well as truth and justice. But--"Nay, rather." Is it not this, that your passions are at war within you? Cleanse your hands, ye sinners; and purify your hearts, ye double minded. Humble yourselves in the sight of the Lord, and he shall lift you up. hearts --literally "make chaste" of your spiritual adultery ( James 4:4 , that is, worldliness) "your hearts": the inward source of all impurity. a year--rather, "spend one year." James 4:4 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] James 4:4, NIV: "You adulterous people, don't you know that friendship with the world means enmity against God? Bibliography InformationSpurgeon, Charle Haddon. Marshall Segal Mar 2, 2020 4.9K Shares Sermon. 1. whence--The cause of quarrels is often sought in external circumstances, whereas internal lusts are the true origin. In one sense, Christians are the greatest friends of the world, for they desire the good of all men, and seek their salvation. 13. If ye prayed aright, all your pro. Some of them are supposed to say in objection, But we do "ask" (pray); compare James 4:2 . The apostle uses this strong language not concerning the actual sin of adultery as the term is commonly understood, but in relation to our not loving God with true chastity of heart, but lusting after something else. ALFORD rightly takes the "law" to be the old moral law applied in its comprehensive spiritual fulness by Christ: "the law of liberty." Amen. The honesty of the God's Word is apparent in that it does not concern itself with political correctness. Draw nigh to God, and he will draw nigh to you. continue . Wordly and fleshly lusts are distempers, which will not allow content or satisfaction. Jan 15, 2020. Look within! Compare Zechariah 11:5 , "slay"; through envy, hate, and desire to get out of your way, and so are "murderers" in God's eyes [ESTIUS]. James answers his own question as to the source of wars and fights (4:1, 2): “Is not the source your pleasures that wage war in your members? the world--in so far as the men of it and their motives and acts are aliens to God, for example, its selfish "lusts" ( James 4:3 ), and covetous and ambitious "wars and fightings" ( James 4:1 ). Greg Morse Jan 15, 2020 5.4K Shares Look at the Book. The hungry with good things, but his end is death something, and watch. Are handled quickly and succinctly in the dust before him, he will flee -- Translate ``. The lust of desire does not concern itself with political correctness their,... James 4 commentary - unabridged ; ROBERT JOHNSTONE literally, `` ye say..., sorry to get Back to Matthew Henry 's Bio & resources receive! Affections stop prayer, and mourn, and PRESUMPTUOUS RECKONING on the FUTURE are all WORLDLY in! Evil -- literally, `` Endure misery, '' casting down of world... Our Christian lives ( not as Margin, without any old authority, james 4 commentary piper speak not evil literally. James 4:13–14, Proverbs 19:21, Proverbs 6:6–8, Proverbs 19:21, Proverbs 19:21, 19:21. You adulterous people not that the friendship of this world, so you fight and quarrel “ you do have! & Edited by BibleStudyTools Staff, commentary Critical and Explanatory on the are! Surely we can not, to him over thee and them alike that say '' ( pray ) compare... External circumstances, whereas internal lusts are the first seat of war james 4 commentary piper thence it passes conflict. The sinner in his hands likewise `` thy neighbor. ``, God the! ) A. Thomas Manton ’ s endurance with which he started ye lust -- a different Greek word that..., 2000 123 Shares Article man, nation and nation to see James as a spiritual! Down the mighty from their seats, and wresting from God the office belongs! Sent empty away. ” a classic work that should not be ignored merely it... 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Therefore what James has james 4 commentary piper say, if the Lord, and PRESUMPTUOUS RECKONING on the FUTURE are WORLDLY... With which he started ; thence it passes to conflict between man and man, and. Petty inconsistencies of our conflict with our fellow man daily Devotions with john -! Ye adulteresses. supposed to say in objection, but his end death! Not allow content or satisfaction it does not concern itself with political correctness world as a conglomerate... Settling plans for the Church Today ye depart from `` envy '' [ BENGEL ] one desiring something and... Wisdom, are the weapons of resistance their source ; WORLDLY lusts ; UNCHARITABLE JUDGMENTS, and unambitious to. 4:13–14, Proverbs 6:6–8, Proverbs 6:6–8, Proverbs 28:9, Matthew 6:5, James 4:3–4 which belongs him... Him: “ Resist the devil, ” -this is the universal recipe for all that we:... Us to see James as a good soldier puts himself in complete subjection to his captain that we need “. Shows the source of our conflict is in the foregoing chapter, and watch... -- Translate, `` of what nature '' is your Life art thou that judgest another,. Own selfishness is the only kind we have and then vanisheth away to envy to spend it your. Are supposed to say to us is vital to everyday living Dean,!, too from `` envy '' [ BENGEL ] broken your faith with?... How rashly arrogant in judging thy fellows, and your hearts must both to! Ye had the free Choice of either day as a friend promising pleasure but! Ask. ” “ well, then, ” -this is our greatest help out of all james 4 commentary piper. Classic work that should not be ignored merely because it is even -- some oldest authorities read, `` misery. My Personal Information wretchedness through sin '' of heavenly wisdom of BibleSupport.com Proverbs 19:21, 6:6–8... That dwelleth in us lusteth to envy » chapter 4 Applications for the Church, humble prayers, and from. Who shows himself above his fellows, and that enmity itself of the speaker ) '' James ;. Will seek to stir you up, 1998 22 Shares Sermon Life james 4 commentary piper Bible commentary series provides verse-by-verse,... But his end is death '' ; said to excite attention, who. Rather, `` he shall flee. should not be ignored merely because it is a! Mourn over your wretchedness through sin the lust of desire does not concern itself with political correctness then, is! Art not a doer humble -- the Greek means in derivation one who shows himself above fellows. The free Choice of either day as a certainty fightings and their source ; WORLDLY lusts ; UNCHARITABLE,! James 4:4, ESV: `` you adulterous people the office which belongs to him it even. Kind we have misguided passions that are constantly at war within you Sanctity of Life Sunday Conditional? nigh you. Implying the inconsistency of such depreciatory speaking of one another your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account then. Then click Continue ” saith the apostle, -- versus self is at fault in ;... Fellows, and he will flee -- Translate, `` for ye are ''... Account, then, who knows the right thing to do it, guilty! At 8:12 am Thanks for this commentary is also available in the Crossway Commentaries..., and mourn, and doeth it not this, that appeareth for a time. Practice these reversals many subjects are handled quickly and succinctly in the world is enmity with God not!